A malware-related hoax gives false
information regarding certain malware threats. In most cases, malware-related
hoaxes are warnings of fictional malware threats that create unnecessary panic.
These hoaxes oftentimes prompt users into performing unwanted actions on their
Scams and shams include email messages
that promise material gain or even luck to recipients who forward them to others
users. Some luck-based hoaxes, often called chain letters, play on people's fear
of bad luck. Money-based hoaxes offer incredibly quick cash for simply forwarding
a message. Certain popular scams have tricked users into investing their own
money in fruitless investments.
Urban legends are stories written
around day-to-day things, but are incorporated unusual twists in the form of
unlikely facts that are difficult to verify. Designed to elicit emotional response,
the most popular urban legends are health and animal scares.